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Parliamentary Elections
“Bribery is carried on to a greater or lesser extent in every election, in every state in the Commonwealth”   -   W.M.(Billy) Hughes 
First Commonwealth Electoral Bill 1902 

“Almost every union election in Australia is corrupt.”  - Marshall Cooke QC(Commissioner in Queensland Union Inquiry 1990-1992)

Books on Potential Fraud in Elections
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Corrupt Elections 1997

Identification on Enrolment and Voting 

   Habitation reviews to date have been conducted by door-knocks which in recent years are required to be done every two years, and in theory blanket every address. In practice some 10% will not be at home, and another percentage will have moved as often as not to an unknown address. As R. Patching DRO for Rankin said, no habitation review had been completed since 1980. Those of 1984 and 1987 had been interrupted by an election.

  The past and present NSW Electoral Commissioners, R.Cundy and I.Dixon, considered in their 1988 report that ‘there is no certainty they will ever be detected.’  Trefor Owens, Victorian Director for the Australian Electoral Commission in 1989 said the names of many people who had left their address several years earlier, had not been removed by audit and review activity and had been allowed to cast a vote in the 1987 election (Hansard H. of Reps 1.6.1989). 60,000 names were removed from the roll post-election.

Subdivisional Structure of the Electoral System 

  The two primary reasons for the subdivisions of electoral divisions were to furnish the building blocks for redistribution, and to reduce electorates to neighbourhood units to discourage manipulation and fraud of the voting system (The declaration of the Hobart Premiers’ Conference 1904).

  Subdivisions remained the basis for redistribution until 1984 when they were de facto abolished. The new Australian Electoral Commission simply ceased to print any subdivisional rolls and proceeded to plan all future administrative processes solely on the basis of divisional  rolls. However, as this was not reflected in the Commonwealth Electoral Act, the latter is still constructed on the basis subdivisions exist. 

Safeguards against fraud and forgery in voting 

  The State Electoral Officers spoke from years of experience when they declared in their 1902 report to the Commonwealth that subdivisions were a vital ‘safeguard against fraud and impersonation.’ The Royal Commission on Commonwealth Law and Administration 1914-1918 agreed. Moreover  the grouping of small subdivisions would facilitate alignment of  Commonwealth and State redistributions..

  The NSW Commission of Messrs Cundy and Dixon in 1988  recommended that electors’ names should only appear on only one roll for a  designated polling place per subdivision as in Canada and the USA..In the same year the Australian Electoral Commissioner, Dr. Hughes, recommended the same solution if ‘multiple voting is a significant problem and a threat to the integrity of elections.’  


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